Setting up Catalyst environments with
This article will deal with installing a Catalyst environment with the
NetBSD Package Collection. It will show you how to install an
environment on a Solaris 9 Sparc box and will briefly show you how
pkgsrc was been introduced in 1997 to the NetBSD project. It's a
fork of the FreeBSD ports system.
pkgsrc for NetBSD follows the
same goals as the NetBSD project itself which is portability,
portability, and...you know it already. The basic design was heavily
modified over time and
pkgsrc has steadily advanced. The first toolchain hack
pkgsrc was made in 1999 in order to support Solaris. In these
pkgsrc has become a quite stable package management tool for
all your third-party software needs on all kind of different platforms
and operating systems. About 15 operating systems are supported, but
we'll demonstrate it on Solaris 9/sparc.
Catalyst on Solaris 9/sparc
In this small example we'll install a Catalyst environment on a
Solaris 9/sparc server. This machine has a pretty decent support for
pkgsrc and prebuilt binary packages, so getting started with
Catalyst is quick. Setting up a basic environment for SUN Solaris
pkgsrc is quite easy and isn't very time consuming. Just
follow the steps described below in order to set up your environment
pkgsrc , which allows you to install the binary packages for
The basic bootstrap kit for
pkgsrc contains the necessary tools and a
small package database. By installing this kit you prepare your SUN
Solaris server to use
pkgsrc with all its capabilities.
Just download the kit from:
Gunzip and untar this package as the root user to the root directory
of your system. It will leave you with a small everything installed to
In order to use the
pkgsrc binaries several changes to your
environment have to be made.
pkgsrc uses its own directories for
the software which is to be installed. However, Solaris doesn't know
about the paths which are used by
pkgsrc , so they need to be added
to the environment. I usually set them in /etc/profile and
/etc/.login. To set up the environment for sh/ksh shells (/etc/profile):
PATH=/usr/pkg/bin:/usr/pkg/sbin:$PATH MANPATH=/usr/pkg/man:$MANPATH export PATH MANPATH
If you would like to use a different server for your binaries, make sure
to add the
PKG_PATH variable to your favorite package
location. For sunpkg.de and Solaris 9 on sparc architectures this
PKG_PATH=http://ftp.netbsd.org/pub/pkgsrc/packages/SunOS/sparc\ /5.9_2008Q3/All export PKG_PATH
Just add this to
Before we get started, we need to reload the profile in order to set the correct PATH, MANPATH, and PKG_PATH information.
The installation of the
pkgsrc bootstrap kit is now finished.
Installation of Catalyst
The basic installation of the Catalyst package is quite simple. Just type:
pkgsrc will automatically find the package, download it, and
fetch all the dependencies and install them.
The bootstrap proccess can be run manually to choose different installation paths. Please refer to the manual to get started. The advantage of using the prebuilt binaries is to save lots of time on slower Solaris machines.
The advantage to bootstrap manually is to specify the installation
pkgsrc will take care of everything automatically so you can
have a fully working installation managed by
pkgsrc inside your
home directory. This makes it easy to set up Catalyst in a situation
where you have limited rights on a system, or to ship your application
inside a path where the customers want you to install.
The NetBSD community tries very hard to keep everything
pkgsrc uses 3 month release cycles which
leave packages a bit behind. If you want to test out the latest stuff,
make sure to use the -current branch of
Here are some links which helps you to keep everything working:
The NetBSD Packages Collection
The NetBSD pkgsrc guide
A nice webinterface to pkgsrc
Check for out-of-date packages
Ulrich Habel <rhaen[at]NetBSD.org>